Save a Life on Your Adventure: How To Do C.P.R.
Yesterday I completed my First Aid/CPR/AED training through the American Heart Association. With all my research into safe travel and first aid kits in the past I honestly have to say I have no idea why I didn’t do this sooner. I paid $45 USD for the certification and took a three hour long class, but I know you can find places that will you teach you for free without the certification (highly recommend it). Additionally, if you are in the US and looking for a place to take a class every American Red Cross offers classes.If you are an avid traveler, and adventure traveler, or even someone that likes to just go way out in the woods on long hikes with your friends then you should definitely get a little bit of this training for yourself. For one thing, you’ll be amazed at how easy some of the life-saving techniques you will learn are to perform. When you are on the road there is no telling what could happen. For me personally, I’ve been hit by cars, had heinous food poisoning, almost been bitten by venomous snakes, been in bus crashes, all kinds of whacky shit. Basically, what I’m saying is if you travel for long enough something will probably happen to you or someone within your vicinity and having just a little training could help save a life or at the very least make a bad situation a lot easier to deal with. That is the silver lining of what makes traveling so great, you really don’t know what’s going to happen.
So, without further ado I’m going to help you learn how to do CPR step by step:
1) Check for Safety
If someone got drilled by a car, shot, run over by a bull, attacked by velociraptors, etc. you want to look around a little before you go helping them so you don’t get injured/killed also.
2) See if the Victim Can Respond
You want to see if the victim is responsive, tap their should and speak very loudly at them, yell if you have to, to get a response. Responses can be anything from hand motions, to blinking, to actually talking back.
3) Call for Help
If you are in a place where you can call for help and the person is seriously injured or unresponsive immediately call for help. In the US the emergency number is 9-1-1. If you’re the only person trained in First Aid or CPR send someone else to get help.
4) Check for Breathing
If the person is unresponsive check their breathing. Watch their chest for rising and falling, see if you can feel or hear breath coming out of their mouth.
5) Begin Chest Compressions
If the person has a shirt or bra on take, tear, or cut if off as it can cause faulty CPR. Once the shirt is removed place one palm directly in the center of their nipples, place the palm of the other hand interlocking the finger directly on top of the opposite hand. Begin compressing the chest about two inches down using your bodyweight with you shoulders over your hands. You want to compress the chest and then release up all the way 30 times in a row. Try to compress the chest to the beat of “Staying Alive” by the Bee Gees.
6) Begin Mouth to Mouth
After 30 rhythmic compressions only perform mouth to mouth if you know the person’s medical history or you have proper safety equipment to protect you from their fluids. If you do not have safety equipment DO NOT perform mouth to mouth or you could become contaminated by a disease or blood. If you do know the person or their medical history tilt their head back to open their airway. Hold up their head under the bony part of their chin and pinch their nose. Breath 2 breaths in a row into their mouth at length of over a second each. When done with the breaths immediately go back to your 30 compressions. Do not stop this cycle until the emergency team has arrived.
*Remember, 30 compressions to 2 breaths.
*Remember to stay as cool and calm under pressure as possible. Keep your head.
If these steps were a bit confusing here is a short super helpful video demonstrating CPR by the American Heart Association.
By taking 4 minutes to read this article and watch this video you now have the tools to save lives. I hope that all your journeys are safe, that you never have to use these skills, but if you do that you perform them magnificently. As always- ST